Islam in the Reformed Confessions

“And, therefore, the father and mother ought to make sure that their children, the sons as well as the daughters, have a knowledge of Scripture and of that which is contained in it. For the Scripture serves and profits everyone. It is not like the fables and dreams, nor also like the evil arts (magic and occult practices), or like the Koran of Mohammed, which ought to be forbidden to Christians; but being very sacred and most worthy, that everyone at all times, in all ages and conditions, may have knowledge of it. For nothing serves more than to fear and honor God, something which one is able to see and hear, which the sacred Scripture contains.” – William Farel’s Summary (1529)

“It was therefore continuously the one and same Church of God, which was both expecting the appearance of Christ and was witnessing to this expectation with its symbols and elements in type, and which, now having had Christ exhibited to it, believes in fact, and witnesses to and exercises its faith in the thing exhibited by the symbols and elements. How distant are they from this one true Church of God, who imagine of their Churches some origin or other and its growth from different periods of time, and thus, also rend this eternal unity of the true and single Church of Christ. This tumbles the wicked Church of the Turks, which places its origin at Mohammed 600 years after Christ. Nor can the Church of the Pope stand, whose beginning was long after Christ.” – London Confession of John à Lasco (1551)

“If it is permitted to Turks, Saracens, and Jews, who are the mortal enemies of our Lord Jesus Christ, to live peacefully and make their homes among Christians, yes even in the most beautiful of existing cities, why is it not permitted to those who have the holy gospel and who adore Jesus Christ to live in these poor mountains?” – Waldensian Confession of Turin (1556)

“They confess with the said appointed lords a same God, a same Savior, a same Holy Spirit, one faith, one law, one baptism, a same hope of heaven, and, in sum, that their faith and religion is entirely founded upon the Word of God, in which it is said that they are very happy who hear and keep it. They ask that, if it is permitted for Turks, Saracens, and Jews—who are mortal enemies of our Lord Jesus Christ—to live quietly and have their homes among Christians, yes even in the most beautiful cities which exist, why is it not permitted to them to live in their poor mountains, they who have the holy gospel and who adore Jesus Christ?” – Waldensian Confession (1561)

“This doctrine of the Holy Trinity has always been affirmed and maintained by the true Church since the time of the apostles to this very day against the Jews, Mohammedans, and some false Christians and heretics, as Marcion, Manes, Praxeas, Sabellius, Samosatenus, Arius, and such like, who have been justly condemned by the orthodox fathers. Therefore, in this point, we do willingly receive the three creeds, namely, that of the Apostles, of Nicea, and of Athanasius; likewise that which, conformable thereunto, is agreed upon by the ancient fathers.” – The Belgic Confession (1561), Article IX

“Therefore, we repudiate laws dealing with usury, extortion, and the oppression of subjects through onerous and grave injustices (by the force of which the property of subjects is taken away by every possible means) as a form of robbery and plunder. Such are abnormal and unlawful taxation and demands for tribute, such as the Turks and others like them make, who devour their subjects and whom the Lord threatens…” – The Hungarian Confessio Catholica (1562)

“They, therefore, do evil that abandon the traditions of God and prefer their own ordinances to the divine traditions, as do the parties of the Antichrist, the pope, and Mohammed.” – The Hungarian Confessio Catholica (1562)

“We understand the kingdom of God in two ways: this present life and that to come. In this life, the church of the elect is the kingdom of God, in which God rules mediately until judgment day through Christ, the Messiah or king. Christ reigns as king in the elect and their church, from within by His Spirit, grace and justice against sin, Satan, the world, death and the gates of hell. From without, He rules by His Word and sacraments through His ministers against false doctrines and traditions, against the kingdom of Satan and the Antichrist, the pope, Mohammed, etc. Christ has clothed the elect from all nations in His armor and weaponry, yet He makes His soldiers (in a continuous combat and struggle, standing on His protection and station, with strong and steadfast stratagem by the leading of the Holy Spirit) to resist sin, the world, and the devil strong in faith (Eph. 5; 1 Peter 5; 1 John 5; Heb. 2).” – The Hungarian Confessio Catholica (1562)

“Eighth Commandment Loh Tignoub. “Do not steal” (Ex. 20:15). By this all forms of theft are prohibited—plundering, usury, deception in contracts, non-payment of debts, non-payment of wages, taking away the property of subjects contrary to rights and liberty. Furthermore, they are warned that do not work, do not discharge their obligations, who are not satisfied with their wages, such as the magistrates, bishops, thieving servants, giving eye-service, priests not teaching truly and piously, thieves, idolaters, and dumb dogs, like the sects of the Antichrist, the papists, Mohammed, and the Greeks.” – The Hungarian Confessio Catholica (1562)

“Therefore, even if Turks, rebels, and bandits are the scourges of the wrath of God, nevertheless they will perish as instruments of His wrath, since they offend in punishing, overstep the bounds of punishment and behave more cruelly than need be (Isa. 20, 14; Zech. 1; Heb. 1; Rom. 1).” – The Hungarian Confessio Catholica (1562)

“We abhor the most horrible madness of the Jacobites and all the Turks, which abandon the passion of our Lord. Yet we deny not but that “the Lord of glory (according to the saying of Paul) was crucified for us” (1 Cor. 2:8).” – The Second Helvetic Confession (1566), Chapter 11

“We, therefore, condemn the Jews and the Mohammedans, and all those that blaspheme the Trinity, which is sacred, and only to be adored.” – The Second Helvetic Confession (1566)

“Therefore, we deplore and condemn all Jews and Mohammedans and all who bring up this hidden and incomprehensible mystery of the Holy Trinity in a blasphemous manner.” – Sandomierz Consensus (1570)

“We abhor the godless madness of the Jacobite heretics and of all Turks and Jews, who blaspheme and mock the Lord’s passion. Indeed, we confess according to the words of St. Paul that the Lord of all glory was crucified for us (1 Cor. 2:8).” – Sandomierz Consensus (1570)

“It is a great and unspeakable favor of God that He has revealed Himself to mankind with clear and assured testimonies and miracles, and sent His Son, and delivered a sure doctrine by which we know Him, rightly call upon Him, and honor Him with due obedience. The almighty and true God has comprised this doctrine in the writings of the prophets and apostles, and has borne witness that what pertains to God’s being and will, and what pertains to all other points of that religion which alone saves, ought to be held and believed only in the way and in the form that He Himself has recorded and laid down in His revelation through the writings of the prophets and apostles. Through this doctrine, God is always gathering to Himself from the human race an everlasting church, and binds it to this sole doctrine, so that assuredly there are neither church nor heirs of eternal salvation where this doctrine is absent, as at this day among the heathen, the Mohammedans, the Jews, and the Papist persecutors of the gospel.” – The Nassau (Dillenburger Synod) Confession (1578)

“Further, we confess to only one true God, the Father together with the Son and the Holy Spirit. For it is written: “Hear O Israel, the Lord our God is the only God” (Deut. 6:4). And moreover, this one Lord also revealed Himself to be the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. As it is written: “Baptize in the name of the Father, and the Son, and the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 28:19). And John says expressly: “Whoever denies the Son (as the Jews and the Turks deny Him), he also does not have the Father” (1 John 2:23).” – Confession of the Evangelical Church in Germany (1614)

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